Compare and contrast the Student Non-violent coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) tactics; include sit-ins, freedom rides and changing composition
Due to the difficult times and the success of Martin Luther King’s idea of non-violent protest several groups were made, with specific goals that they deemed to accomplish by winning the support of the government. The SNCC was extremely active in the summer of 1964. It was headed by Ella Baker. It looked to recruit young African Americans and became more aggressive with its attempts to enact political justice. This can be seen by the Freedom Summer, a campaign that meant to register as many African Americans as it could to vote ahead of the Voting Rights Act hitting Mississippi. Mississippi previously had laws set up against black voting. Once African Americans were registered to vote they were able to with the support of the federal government. The NAACP or National Association for the Advancement of Color People was also founded around this time. It was founded in 1909 and was originally meant to abolish segregation but later just sought for the general advancement of blacks. It noticeably got the Supreme Court to declare the grandfather clause unconstitutional. Lastly the Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded by MLK and it sought to teach people how to protest non-violently in order to enact change, a method that worked well for MLK and for Ghandi, his idol. These groups used various methods in order to show their discontent for the way things were currently in the United States. Freedom Rides was one method, in which blacks would ride a previously all white bus or sit at the front of a bus in order to show that desegregation has begun and in order to spread it. They would also utilize sit ins, in which they occupied a public space for an extended period of time in order to show whites and the government that their rights would not be trampled on any further. The government, and other people began to recognize the Civil Rights Movement and with the backing of the Kennedy administration it became possible for African Americans to begin holding position in the government. Many important court cases were able to be brought to the attention of the Supreme Court due to the increase of these political movements. An example of this is University of California v. Bakke in which Lewis F. Powell was the chief justice. This case decided that quotas couldn’t be used in school admissions, even though race was a factor to consider because it could prove unfair to some students.
The groups created in order to enact political change during the 1900s were extremely important. They gave a cause a backing, as you can not fight a “war” without an army and the war for equality was no different. These different groups also taught people how to protest effectively making each person count more and more than they might have, have they had no teaching. These groups were important to achieving equal rights as they aided in spreading the movement to more people and places, and making to the move towards equality more public.