SSUSH22c

Explain Brown V. Board of Education and efforts to resist the decision.

Brown V. The Board of Education sought to desegregate school systems around the country. On May 17, 1954 the ruling for the case was out, which by unanimous decision overturned the Plessy V. Ferguson case that argued for separate but equal institutions. It declared separate but equal as unequal and helped to put an end to state sponsored segregation. As a result of the case the federal government could no longer back the segregation of schools, transportation or anything else. This is seen to be a huge point for the civil rights movement as the federal government was now on the side of the movement. Earl Warren was the chief justice of the Supreme Court at the time. The legal ground the decision sat on was that it was a violation of the fourteenth amendment to have schools segregated. The success of the little rock nine and other African American students can testify to the importance of ending segregation in schools. Earnest Green accompanied by eight other black students were admitted to little rock central high-school an account of grades, and Earnest became the first black person to graduate from little rock high-school This can be seen to have been met with some force though, such as the initial blockading of the University of Alabama from black enrollment by Governor Wallace. Eventual, since segregation was declared unconstitutional troops from the national guard forced the University of Alabama to allow black students, showing that no school was immune from federal law.

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Reflection

The historic decision to overturn Plessy V. Ferguson was a turning point for the Civil Rights Movement. In my opinion the movement wouldn’t have been able to progress possibly at all but certainly without the speed it did if it did not end up receiving backing from the federal government. Without this backing the ground gained by the movement couldn’t have been held up and it would have been at a constant stalemate, with morals facing governmental action. The newly gained governmental support however allowed for blacks and other racial minorities to receive a high quality education like whites did at the time and not only promoted economic growth in the US through more intelligence in the workforce but also helped to educate the entire US population and allow blacks fighting for their rights along with other minorities to have more knowledge to help them fight their battle for racial equality.

Resources:

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html

http://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/educational-activities/history-brown-v-board-education-re-enactment

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/brown-v-board-of-education-of-topeka

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